Thursday, September 18, 2014

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Tunisia Elections 2011

QUICK FACTS

Assembly

  • Elections for: Constituent Assembly
  • Seats: 217
  • Constituencies: 31
  • Elected by: closed list proportional representation
  • Eligible voters: 7 - 7.5 million

 

Population

  • Population: 10.6 million
  • Life expectancy: 74.5
  • Human Development Index: 0.683 (High - 81st in the world)
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $9,400
  • Unemployment: 14%
Results of the Tunisia legislative elections
Party Seats (217) % of seats Votes (4,053,148) % of votes Party Seats (217) % of seats Votes (4,053,148) % of votes
Al-Nahda 89 41% 1,500,649 37% Afek Tounes 4 2% 29,336 >1%
Congress for the Republic (CPR) 29 13% 341,549 8% The Revolutionary Alternative (PCOT) 3 1% 11,891 >1%
Aridha Chaabia 26 12% 252,025 6% Echaab 2 1% 13,979 >1%
Ettakatol 20 9% 248,686 6% Social Democrats Movement (MDS) 2 1% 8,230 >1%
Progressive Democratic Party (PDP) 16 7% 111,067 3% Parties with 1 seat 16 7% 98,768 2%
Al Moubadara 5 2% 97,489 2% Parties with 0 seats 0 0% 1,290,293 32%
Modernist Democratic Pole (PDM) 5 2% 49,186 1%

BACKGROUND ISSUES

With an arduous journey ahead, Tunisia is going in the right direction.

The Tunisian electorate is faced by a plethora of parties and candidates.

Regime structures in Tunisia and Egypt are unlikely to break after losing their leaders.

BATTLEGROUNDS

Religion

Tunisia could be a new laboratory for Islam and democracy.

Youth

Despite a strong involvement in toppling Ben Ali's regime, polls show that youth interest in the elections is underwhelming.

Gender

Tunisian women are now being democratically elected instead of appointed into public life but obstacles remain.

Gender

With the subversion of the gender parity system, there is much to be done to achieve a gender-sensitive constitution for Tunisia.

WHAT NEXT?

QUICK FACTS

  • 26.6% of the workforce is female
  • Women held 27.6% of parliamentary seats in pre-revolutionary Tunisia
  • Tunisia is the only country in the Arab world where polygamy is forbidden by law
  • Half of the candidates on each party list in this election must be female
  • Only 5% of party lists are headed by women

Law

While human rights have improved, many challenges face the constituent assembly.

Economy

Tunisians want a guarantee of social rights, especially in the context of everyday economic life.